Duties of the different commanders concerning artillery


Army commander

Head of Artillery

He directed the artillery through the head of the Army artillery.

He made every effort to be able to fully and functionally employ all the artillery means to achieve the aims of the combat.

He paid attention to the opinions and the operative plans of the head of the artillery.

He stood with the Army commander during the march near the enemy and the reconnaissance, to be elucidated by him.

He kept the head of the artillery constantly informed of his own intents and the situation of the enemy.

After having being informed of the intents of the Army commander, he directed the action of the artillery, staying at its post and being constantly connected with him by telephone and orderlies.

He clearly fixed where the main attack should be launched and, after having consulted with the head of artillery, chose the area where the artillery should be deployed.

Inside the area chosen for the deployment of the artillery, he assigned the positions of the different units and the different kind of artillery (field, mountain, heavy).

After having been informed by the head of the artillery that the batteries were ready, he gave the order to open fire or delegated him to do it.

He fixed the objectives that the various artillery heads under his command had to achieve and explain the plan of action of the artillery.

He gave the order to move some batteries, if the head of artillery had not done it by himself.

He followed the progress of the combat and decided on the most advantageous employment of the various batteries.

If necessary he chose a special cover force to defend the artillery position.

He took care of the direct defence of the artillery position, giving the appropriate orders to the commander of the cover force.

He informed the head of the artillery about the moment when infantry would launch an attack, to obtain the fire support from artillery.

During the combat he gave to the various artillery groups his orders about :

    the conduct of the fire,

    the concentrate the fire of some divisions or batteries on a given point,

    what batteries should destroy the obstacles, that blocked the advance of the infantry;

    what batteries should occupy another position to perform a given task,

    the choice of the accompanying batteries.


The duties listed in the table applied to the commander of a force of every size Army, Infantry Division and Detachment and to the corresponding head of the artillery.