Ammunition wagon for 75mm and 87mm guns



The field artillery batteries armed with 87mm Krupp guns were equipped with an ammunition wagon of German pattern, which was very similar to the schwere Munitionswagen C/73 and the Batterie-Munitionswagen C/88 used by German Army. The whole of the harness was made by Krupp.

The wagon composed by the limber and the caisson, and was drawn by a team of six horses. It was made entirely of iron, except for the shaft and the wheels that were in wood with iron tyres and bronze hubs. It was equipped with the ordinary Krupp travelling brake mechanism. The shells were stored vertically in iron cases, weighting 7 kg each, while the charges were carried in leather sacks.


The chest of the limber opened from behind, by means of two doors, and the cover could be lifted. It carried 6 cases for 5 shells each, 6 sacks for the charges, and some boxes with primers, fuzes and other firing tools. A pick, a spade, 2 hatchets, 2 water buckets, a box of grease, a sponge, and a bag containing a linchpin, a lantern and a limber-hook key were hung on the walls of the chest. 


The chest of the caisson had iron folding doors, and was divided into two compartments, whose inner arrangements were like that of the limber. At first it carried 12 cases for the shells, but later, after the war against Serbia, one of them was replaced by a box containing tools and spare parts. A pick and a spade were hung on the walls of the chest. The caisson of the Bulgarian ammunition wagon could carry 10 rounds more than the standard caissons of the German Army, but the Bulgarian projectiles weighted less than the German ones.


The kind of the projectiles carried varied over the years, with an increase of the number of the shrapnel that were gradually regarded as main projectile the field artillery. This meant a little increase of the weight of the ammunition wagon, since shrapnel weighted more than common shells. In 1891 the limber of the 87mm gun carried 15 shrapnel and 15 shells, and the ammunition wagon respectively 42 and 43. The number of the case shot, which were placed under the limber, remained unchanged. Later the ratio of shrapnel and shells increased up to 6 : 4, and in a battery with 6 ammunition wagons and a spare carriage every gun had 70 shrapnel, 45 shells and 5 case shots.


The ammunition wagon of the 75mm batteries was manufactured along the same broad outline of that of the 87mm batteries, and carried the same equipment. The main difference was the iron case for the shells that contained 6 rounds, instead of 5. Also for these guns the ratio of shrapnel and shells later rose approximately to 6 : 4, and in a battery with 6 ammunition wagons and a spare carriage every gun had 90 shrapnel, 54 shells and 5 case shots.








empty :

500 kg

460 kg

tools :

40 kg

46 kg

ammunition :

260 kg

205 kg

loaded :

895 kg

775 kg

shells :



shrapnel :



case shots :



charges :




loaded :



shells :



shrapnel :



charges :




loaded :

2135 kg

1882 kg




German schwere Munitionswagen C/73